Description: Bimoclomol is a heat shock protein (HSP) coinducer, used for treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
In Vitro: Bimoclomol (40 μM) significantly increases coronary flow (CF) in the period of normoxic perfusion (before ischemia). Bimoclomol significantly increases LVDP and CO, but it decreases LVEDP under ischemic conditions. Bimoclomol displays a biphasic effect on the rate of relaxation. Bimoclomol (>10 μM) causes concentration-dependent vasorelaxation, with EC50 value of 214 μM. Bimoclomol (100 μM) induces vasorelaxation also against 20 mM KCl. However, bimoclomol fails to relax preparations precontracted with serotonin, PGF2 or angiotensin II. Bimoclomol does not affect the stability of Hsp70 or its mRNA. Bimoclomol coinduces Hsp expression via the prolonged activation of the heat shock transcription factor (HSF-1). The effects of bimoclomol are abolished in cells from mice lacking HSF-1. Furthermore, bimoclomol can bind to HSF-1 and induce a prolonged binding of HSF-1 to the respective DNA elements. Bimoclomol (0.1, 1 and 10 μM) improves cell survival of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes compared to vehicle-treated cells. Bimoclomol (0.01 to 10 μM) significantly elevates HSP70 levels, based on the time of exposure. Pretreatment with bimoclomol for 24 h significantly increases survival of cells.
In Vivo: Bimoclomol (1 and 5 mg/kg) decreases the ST-segment elevation induced by coronary occlusion by 56% and 80%, respectively, in anesthetized dogs.
|Contents||1 vial supplied at requested quantity.|
|Pathways||Metabolic Enzyme/Protease, Cell Cycle/DNA Damage|
|Research Area||Cardiovascular Disease|