Description: AmLexanox is a specific inhibitor of IKKε and TBK1, and inhibits the IKKε and TBK1 activity determined by MBP phosphorylation with an IC50 of approximately 1-2 μM.
In Vitro: AmLexanox increases phosphorylation of TBK1 on Ser172 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, and blocks polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly I:C)-stimulated phosphorylation of interferon responsive factor-3 (IRF3), a presumed substrate of IKKε and TBK1. AmLexanox potently inhibits the release of histamine and leukotrienes from mast cells, basophils and neutrophils in in vitro settings, possibly through increasing intracellular cyclic AMP content in inflammatory cells, a mem-brane-stabilising effect or inhibition of calcium influx. In primary bone marrow derived macrophages (BMMs), amLexanox inhibits osteoclast formation and bone resorption. At the molecular level, amLexanox suppresses RANKL-induced activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPKs), c-Fos and NFATc1. AmLexanox decreases the expression of osteoclast-specific genes, including TRAP, MMP9, Cathepsin K and NFATc1.
In Vivo: AmLexanox (100 mg/kg, p.o.) prevents and reverses diet-induced or genetic obesity, and produces reversible weight loss in obese mice. AmLexanox also causes a significant decrease in adipose tissue mass in these mice, and an increase in circulating adiponectin. AmLexanox (25 mg/kg) significantly improves insulin sensitivity in mice with established DIO,and after four weeks of treatment, amLexanox produces marked improvements in glucose. AmLexanox before the first application of the paste and at each has been shown to suppress both immediate and evaluation thereafter. A categorical scale is also delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions. AmLexanox (20 mg/kg) enhances osteoblast differentiation of BMSCs. In ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model, amLexanox prevents OVX-induced bone loss by suppressing osteoclast activity.
|Solubility||DMSO: ≥ 36 mg/mL|
|Contents||1 vial supplied at requested quantity.|
|Research Area||Metabolic Disease|